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LINUX: Introduction


A free, Unix-compatible, 32-bit operating system developed in 1991 by Linus Torvalds while at the University of Helsinki in Finland.
Strictly speaking, Linux is the name of the operating system kernel, the central part of the operating system that manages system services, but many people use the name to refer to the complete operating system package, including utilities, editors and compilers, games, and networking components. Many of these important elements are actually part of the Free Software Foundation’s GNU Project, and others have been written and released by volunteers.

Linux is supported and distributed by companies such as Red Hat Software, Caldera Software, Workgroup Solutions, Walnut Creek Software, and S.u.S.E. of Germany. With the increasing use of Linux in the corporate world, several major companies have announced some level of support for the operating system, including Hewlett-Packard, Silicon Graphics, Sun Microsystems, and Intel, and several major applications packages have been ported to Linux,