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Business Intelligence Architecture

September 8, 2010 Leave a comment

A business intelligence architecture using MicroStrategy is shown in the following diagram:

The Architecture has the following components:

  • Source System (OLTP):

Source systems are typically databases or mainframes that store transaction processing data. As such, they are an Online Transaction Processing System (OLTP). Transaction Processing involves simple recording of transactions like sales, inventory, withdrawals, deposits and so forth.

A well designed and robust data warehouse lies at the heart of the business intelligence system and enables its users to leverage the competitive advantage that business intelligence provides. A data warehouse is an example of Online Analytical Processing System (OLAP).

Analytical Processing involves manipulating transactional records to calculate sales trends, growth patterns, percent to total contributions, trend reporting, profit analysis etc.

  • ETL Processes:

The extraction, transformation and loading (ETL) process contains information that facilitates the transfer of the data from the source systems to the data warehouse. We have discussed about this in details in my previous post.

The metadata database contains information that facilitates the retrieval of data from the data warehouse when using MicroStrategy applications. It stores MicroStrategy object definitions and information about the data warehouse in proprietary format and maps MicroStrategy objects to the data warehouse structures and content.

  • MicroStrategy Application:

The MicroStrategy applications allow you to interact with the business intelligence system. They allow you to logically organize data hierarchically to quickly and easily create, calculate, and analyze complex data relationships. They also provide the ability to look at the data from different perspective.

A variety of grid and graph formats are available for superior report presentation. You can even build documents, which enable you to combine multiple reports with text and graphics.

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